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Ethiopia crisis: Tigray leader vows to keep fighting as government advances

Ethiopia’s forces have captured two towns in the northern region of Tigray where soldiers loyal to the local political party are fighting the central government.

Tigray’s leader confirmed the losses but said it was a temporary setback and vowed to defeat the government.

Ethiopia’s prime minister has said that his army is advancing on the Tigrayan capital Mekelle.

Hundreds of people have reportedly died in nearly two weeks of clashes.

Verifying information from Tigray is hard due to a blackout on most communications.

The conflict is rooted in long-standing tension between powerful Tigrayan party the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) and Ethiopia’s central government.

When Mr Abiy postponed a national election due to coronavirus in June, tension escalated between the two groups. The TPLF sees the central government as illegitimate, arguing Mr Abiy no longer has a mandate to lead the country.

The government accused the TLPF of attacking a military base to steal weapons, which the TPLF denied. In response, Mr Abiy ordered a military offensive, accusing the TPLF of treason.

What’s the latest?

Government forces advanced on Mekelle as well as the towns of Shire and Axum as a three-day deadline given by Prime Minister Abiy to Tigray’s forces to surrender expired on Tuesday.

TPLF leader Debretsion Gebremichael confirmed to a local TV station on Wednesday that central government troops had taken control of Shire and Axum, but called it a «temporary success» for the government and vowed to defeat Mr Abiy’s forces.

The government has accused Tigrayan soldiers of destroying four bridges and a section of a road near Shire and Axum. The TPLF have not commented on the accusations.

Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed suggested on Tuesday that the fighting was coming to an end, saying «the final critical act of law enforcement will be done in the coming days».

At least 27,000 people have fled over the northern border to Sudan as the UN warned a «full-scale humanitarian crisis» was unfolding.

TPLF adviser Fesseha Tessema, a former Ethiopian diplomat, told the BBC that civilian sites in Mekelle were being bombed by federal forces.

«[The people of Tigray] haven’t done anything wrong, they are in their own homes, churches,» Mr Fesseha said.

The federal government has denied targeting civilians and said that air attacks are aimed at the Tigrayan military.

How bad is the humanitarian crisis?

The UN’s refugee agency, the UNHCR, has said that thousands of people have been fleeing the fighting.

The agency was «on stand-by to provide assistance in Tigray when access and security allow» spokesman Babar Baloch said.

«There may be massive displacement inside Tigray and that is of course a concern and we try to prepare the best way possible,» Jens Laerke, spokesman of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), said.

The UN fears the numbers fleeing Ethiopia may be just a fraction of those forced from their homes by the fighting, but for the moment aid agencies have no access to the Tigray region.

Regional powers Kenya and Uganda have called for negotiations to find a peaceful resolution to the conflict.

The Ethiopian government has, however, ruled out talks with the TPLF.

How bad is the violence?

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Mr Abiy has accused forces loyal to Tigray’s leaders of carrying out the mass killings. The TPLF has denied involvement, saying it will welcome an independent international investigation.

Ethiopia’s human rights commission said it would send a team to investigate.

Why are the government and TPLF fighting?

The TPLF dominated Ethiopia’s military and political life for decades before Mr Abiy took office in 2018 and pushed through major reforms.

Last year, Mr Abiy dissolved the ruling coalition, made up of several ethnically based regional parties, and merged them into a single, national party, which the TPLF refused to join.1px transparent line

The feud escalated in September, when Tigray held a regional election, defying a nationwide ban on all polls imposed because of the coronavirus pandemic. Mr Abiy responded by calling the vote illegal.

Tigray’s administration sees Mr Abiy’s reforms as an attempt to hand his central government more power and weaken regional states.

It also resents what it calls the prime minister’s «unprincipled» friendship with Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki.

Tigray special forces in federal military uniforms

image captionFighting broke out after the federal government accused Tigrayan forces of seizing an army base

Mr Abiy won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2019 for his efforts to bring peace with Eritrea.

The prime minister believes TPLF officials are undermining his authority.

https://www.bbc.com/

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